Easter liturgies have incorporated early forms of performances and role-playing, varying from short text passages to long presentations, since the 10th century.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, Passion plays grew into elaborate performances. Called in Italy sacre rapresentazioni (sacred rapresentations), the combination of liturgy, ritual and theatrical performances often became veritable parts of a liturgical rite and frequently took to the streets in the form of religious processions. One of which is the evocative Processione del Cristo Morto (Dead Christ Procession) on Good Friday in Gubbio, organized by Confraternita’ di Santa Croce della Foce. Documented as of the 15th century, but probably existing long before, this confraternity is the