On the Cover: Festa della Repubblica

Each year on the 2nd of June, Italy celebrates the Festa della Repubblica (Festival of the Republic). The day, similar to Independence Day in the U.S. and other countries, commemorates the institutional referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946, in which the Italian people were called to the polls to decide on the form of government, republic or monarchy, following WWII and the fall of Fascism. Italians chose to become a Republic with 12,717,923 votes versus 10,719,284 votes for the monarchy and, consequently, the male descendants of the House of Savoy were sent into exile. 

Every year, a military parade is held in Rome to commemorate the date and is presided over by the President of the Italian Republic in his role as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, with the Prime Minister and 


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