In our October 2020 issue, we left off with Italy's control under the Lombard. They tried multiple times and in different ways to insert themselves in the territory’s culture with the support from the powerful Catholic Church. Unfortunately, this never happened. During this time, the Ducati of Spoleto and Benevento remained independent and kept their autonomy with more help from the Byzantine than that of the Catholic Church.
The Lombards were successfully able to increase their presence on their own. This was achieved with the advent of Liutprand, a genius maneuverer who attacked the Byzantines in opposition of the church with the Ducati of Spoleto and Benevento’s support. In 742, Luitprand, a Catholic, made amends with the Catholic Church and
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